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    • EGF family
    • FGF family
    • Hedgehog family
    • Interferon family
    • Interleukin family
    • Neurotrophin
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    • PDGF family
    • TGF-β superfamily
    • TNF family
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PODS® Growth Factors

PODS® (Polyhedrin Delivery System) is an extensively tested and proven slow-release protein formulation. The nano-scale protein co-crystals slowly release their cargo growth factors through nanopores, generating steady-state bioavailability (zero-order kinetics). This sustainable release enables precise control of the cell culture environment and generates near-constant growth factor concentrations,. THis has been shown to significantly improve the health and quality of cells. 


This slow-release reduces the number of media changes, which are traditionally required to replenish declining growth factor levels. This cycling between high and low growth factor concentration can stress cells (and researchers). But even more exciting, PODS nanocrystals can be precisely positioned to provide localized bioavailability and, if desired, micro-gradients. PODS are also highly stable in storage. This unparalleled flexibility and control of the system opens up many possibilities for innovation in 2D, 3D and in-vivo applications.

Purchase PODS® slow-release cytokines and growth factors



Comparison of standard growth factors and PODS® growth factors

Standard vs. PODS® growth factors



Readily soluble    Slowly soluble in the presence of proteases
Degrades even in sterile PBS Stable in PBS
Heat-labile Heat-stable over long periods
Difficult to localize Readily localized - readily form gradients
✓ Bioactive Bioactive
Difficult to incorporate into biomaterials Readily incorporates into biomaterials
Requires frequent replenishment Growth factor constantly replenished from store within PODS crystals 
$ to $$$$  - economical to very expensive $ - economical





PODS® enable greater control of cell fate

Cells respond to spatial and temporal changes in growth factor availability. When using standard, soluble growth factors, there is little control over the position of a growth factor, which will spread evenly across the culture space. Standard growth factors also provide very little control over growth factor concentrations which diminish over time. 

The localized, sustained release capabilities of PODS allow spatiotemporal control of growth factor concentration. This enables a wide range of exciting applications including: 

Bioink functionalization • 3D culture •  Organoids • Scaffolds • Microfluidics (lab on a chip) • Improved and simplified stem cell culture • In-vivo survival agent for implanted cells • In-vivo and therapeutic protein delivery • Patterning and localization


Read PODS® support literature

See more Application Notes


Watch PODS® in action





PODS® Empty £100.00
PODS® Human Activin A £100.00
PODS® Mouse Activin A £100.00
PODS® Rat Activin A £100.00
PODS® Human Activin B £100.00
PODS® Human BDNF £100.00
PODS® Human BMP-4 £100.00
PODS® Human BMP-10 £100.00
PODS® Human CD40 Ligand £100.00
PODS® Human Chemerin £100.00
PODS® Human CNTF £100.00
PODS® Human CTGF £100.00
PODS® Human DKK-1 £100.00
PODS® Human EGF £100.00
PODS® Human Ephrin-A1 £100.00
PODS® Human Ephrin-A3 £100.00
PODS® Human Ephrin-A4 £100.00
PODS® Human Ephrin-B2 £100.00
PODS® Mouse Ephrin-B2 £100.00
PODS® Human EPO £100.00
PODS® Human FGF-1 £100.00
PODS® Human FGF-2 (154) £100.00
PODS® Human FGF-7 £100.00
PODS® Human FGF-10 £100.00
PODS® Human FGF-19 £100.00